Usefulness of non-native invasive tree species wood residues for pellet production

Uporabnost lesnih ostankov tujerodnih invazivnih drevesnih vrst za proizvodnjo peletov

  • Dominika Gornik Bučar
  • Peter Prislan
  • Pavel Smolnikar
  • Darja Stare
  • Nike Krajnc
  • Bojan Gospodarič
Keywords: wood residues, solid biofuels, non-native invasive tree species, pelleting, pellet quality

Abstract

We produced pellets from five invasive non-native tree species growing in Slovenia on a laboratory pelleting device, namely: wild chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum), boxelder maple (Acer negundo), black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia), thorny locust (Gleditsia triacanthos) and tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima), as well as mixtures of the raw material from the above non-native invasive species and spruce (Picea abies) in the ratios 70:30 and 50:50. Under the same production conditions, we produced a total of 15 different types of pellets. The most important physical and mechanical properties (water content, bulk density, mechanical stability and ash content) were determined for the pellets produced. The results were compared with the limits defined in the international standard SIST EN ISO 17225-2:2014. The water content and bulk density of all produced pellet types met the requirements of the standard for the highest quality class A1. The mechanical durability of the pellets produced did not meet the requirements of the standard and did not exceed 96.5% (which is the limit value for quality class B). The results suggest that black locust, thorny locust and tree of heaven have the highest potential for further optimization of the pelleting process.

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Published
2021-06-08
How to Cite
Gornik Bučar, D., Prislan, P., Smolnikar, P., Stare, D., Krajnc, N., & Gospodarič, B. (2021). Usefulness of non-native invasive tree species wood residues for pellet production. Les/Wood, 70(1), 45-58. https://doi.org/10.26614/les-wood.2021.v70n01a04
Section
Articles